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View Poll Results: Should Louisiana Legalize Drugs?
Marijuana only, and only for adults. Still a felony to provide to minors. 26 48.15%
Marijuana only for adults, reduced penalties for access to minors. 5 9.26%
Legalize all drugs for consenting adults. 6 11.11%
No changes to current Louisiana drugs laws. 15 27.78%
Reduce penalty for first time marijuana users: no jail time. 2 3.70%
Voters: 54. You may not vote on this poll

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  #241  
Old 08-18-2013, 08:10 PM
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"The "Gateway Theory" is a theory that the use of cannabis naturally leads to the use of heroin, cocaine, or other "hard drugs". This theory is often used to explain why cannabis use must remain criminal, despite cannabis use itself being less physically dangerous than many legal activities. Although the Gateway Theory has been repeatedly debunked and discredited by reviews funded by the White House, the Parliament of Britain, and the government of Canada, it continues to be used as an argument in both educational materials and political decisions.

Based on the data from the National Survey on Drug Use and Health (NSDUH), formerly named the National Household Survey on Drug Abuse, by SAMSHA, the percentage of those who have ever tried marijuana and then ended up using heroin once per month is around 1 in 1000. To explain this further, since the estimated number of monthly heroin users in the United Status in 2001 is 100,000, that is the maximum number of people who can have gone on to use heroin regularly after trying cannabis. Since there are an estimated 83 million people in the US who have ever tried cannabis, this works out to 0.12% (100,000 / 83,300,000). " - erowid.

Try again smalls.
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  #242  
Old 08-18-2013, 08:12 PM
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The fact you have to go to a drug dealer is the gateway. These points you bring up are either irrelevant or so easily debunked it isn't even worth doing it anymore.
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  #243  
Old 08-18-2013, 08:13 PM
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Quote:
Originally Posted by MissSmallAimsSmall View Post
"If there is a relationship between cannabis and other illicit drug use, we have to explain it. The two main explanations that feature in the public debate are: (1) that cannabis users are more likely to use other illicit drugs because of the pharmacological and other effects that cannabis has; and (2) that cannabis users are more likely to use other illicit drugs because the same black market supplies cannabis and other illicit drugs, so cannabis users are more likely to have access to other illicit drugs.


There is abundant evidence from surveys of adolescent drug use in the United States and elsewhere that cannabis use and the use of cocaine and heroin are associated (7). From the late 1970s to the 1990s in the United States, there was a strong relationship between regular cannabis use and the later use of heroin and cocaine. Kandel (8), for example, found that only 7% of American adolescents who had not used cannabis reported using another illicit drug. By contrast, 33% of those who reported using cannabis had used another illicit drug. Most (84%) daily cannabis users had done so and they had also used many more types of illicit drugs than their peers who had not used cannabis or who were not daily users of cannabis (8).



Almost all adolescents who have tried cocaine and heroin, had used alcohol, tobacco and cannabis in that order (10).


"Every adolescent who tried cocaine and heroin had tried cows milk previously"

I have no stance on this issue, because it will not affect me but some of these arguments are just junk
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  #244  
Old 08-18-2013, 08:18 PM
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Don't feel bad though. This is a FBI director getting schooled on gateway theory.
http://t.co/ljfsqYgQqi
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  #245  
Old 08-18-2013, 08:19 PM
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Quote:
Originally Posted by Duck Butter View Post
"Every adolescent who tried cocaine and heroin had tried cows milk previously"

I have no stance on this issue, because it will not affect me but some of these arguments are just junk
Well that's just it. Once all the facts are out there all you have left is junk and ideology.
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  #246  
Old 08-18-2013, 08:22 PM
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Anybody have stats on marijuana related deaths every year? Deaths directly related to it, not some theoretical path of subjective probabilities either.

While you're searching, grab the stats on caffeine, tobacco, aspirin and alcohol and bring them back with you too.
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  #247  
Old 08-18-2013, 08:24 PM
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I had a professor in college who taught ethics.
He owns his own pharamcy and has 7 college degrees.

If you took ethics at UL you know who I am talkimg about.

One chapter in this class was about drug use.
He stated that marajuana is 100% non addictive.

Unlike nicotine, alcohol, and even caffiene which have been proven to be addictive.
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  #248  
Old 08-18-2013, 08:28 PM
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Quote:
Originally Posted by Mako19 View Post
I had a professor in college who taught ethics.
He owns his own pharamcy and has 7 college degrees.

If you took ethics at UL you know who I am talkimg about.

One chapter in this class was about drug use.
He stated that marajuana is 100% non addictive.

Unlike nicotine, alcohol, and even caffiene which have been proven to be addictive.
USL...only college in La that has a special class for queers

So his thoughts dont count
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  #249  
Old 08-18-2013, 08:30 PM
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Quote:
Originally Posted by Mako19 View Post
I had a professor in college who taught ethics.
He owns his own pharamcy and has 7 college degrees.

If you took ethics at UL you know who I am talkimg about.

One chapter in this class was about drug use.
He stated that marajuana is 100% non addictive.

Unlike nicotine, alcohol, and even caffiene which have been proven to be addictive.


Honey Badger would disagree about it being addictive
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  #250  
Old 08-18-2013, 08:55 PM
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Quote:
Originally Posted by MissSmallAimsSmall View Post
"If there is a relationship between cannabis and other illicit drug use, we have to explain it. The two main explanations that feature in the public debate are: (1) that cannabis users are more likely to use other illicit drugs because of the pharmacological and other effects that cannabis has; and (2) that cannabis users are more likely to use other illicit drugs because the same black market supplies cannabis and other illicit drugs, so cannabis users are more likely to have access to other illicit drugs.


There is abundant evidence from surveys of adolescent drug use in the United States and elsewhere that cannabis use and the use of cocaine and heroin are associated (7). From the late 1970s to the 1990s in the United States, there was a strong relationship between regular cannabis use and the later use of heroin and cocaine. Kandel (8), for example, found that only 7% of American adolescents who had not used cannabis reported using another illicit drug. By contrast, 33% of those who reported using cannabis had used another illicit drug. Most (84%) daily cannabis users had done so and they had also used many more types of illicit drugs than their peers who had not used cannabis or who were not daily users of cannabis (8).



Almost all adolescents who have tried cocaine and heroin, had used alcohol, tobacco and cannabis in that order (10). Those who began to use alcohol and tobacco at an early age, and those became regular smokers and drinkers, were the ones who were most likely to use cannabis. In turn, it was cannabis users who began use at an early age who were the most likely to become regular cannabis users and the most likely to use hallucinogens, amphetamines and tranquillizers. The heaviest users of these drugs were, in turn, more likely to use cocaine and heroin."- The Health and Psychological effects of Cannabis Use




Really... we went over this mess in pages 1-4 possibly including some contained in page 5. I would have thought that your good friend Mathgeek would have showed you all the studies linked by us heathen libertarian drug users.

In any case here is a short list of studies which refute the study's you have listed above.

Mathematical Model study

In December 2002, a study by RAND regarding if cannabis use results in the subsequent use of cocaine and heroin was published in the British Journal of Addiction, a peer-reviewed scientific publication. The researchers created a mathematical model simulating adolescent drug use. National rates of cannabis and hard drug use in the model matched survey data collected from representative samples of youths from across the United States; the model produced patterns of drug use and abuse. Andrew Morral, associate director of RAND's Public Safety and Justice unit and lead author of the study stated:[19]
We've shown that the marijuana gateway effect is not the best explanation for the link between marijuana use and the use of harder drugs ... An alternative, simpler and more compelling explanation accounts for the pattern of drug use you see in this country, without resort to any gateway effects. While the gateway theory has enjoyed popular acceptance, scientists have always had their doubts. Our study shows that these doubts are justified.
One reason the risk factor for using drugs in cannabis users is higher is because few people try hard drugs prior to trying cannabis, not because cannabis users increasingly try hard drugs such as amphetamines. For example, cannabis is typically available at a significantly earlier age than other illicit drugs. Further research has shown that people with a disposition to resort to cannabis use are more likely to live longer and healthier lives than users of other "social drugs" such as alcohol.[20]


Study on American adolescents (12 years)
In December 2006, a 12 year gateway drug hypothesis study on 214 boys from ages 10–12 by the American Psychiatric Association was published in the American Journal of Psychiatry. The study concluded adolescents who used cannabis prior to using other drugs, including alcohol and tobacco, were no more likely to develop a substance abuse disorder than subjects in the study who did not use cannabis prior to using other drugs.[21] In other words, rearranging the order of the alleged "steppingstones" did not change the outcomes.


Study on San Francisco vs. Amsterdam
In 2004, a study comparing cannabis users in San Francisco to those in Amsterdam was done to test the effects of the differing drug policies in the two cities on drug use patterns. The Netherlands has a drug policy of decriminalization in which cannabis can be bought by adults over 18 in quasi-legal "coffee shops" and used publicly, while in the United States cannabis is criminalized and must be bought in the black market (often from the same dealers that sell hard drugs) and used "underground". The results found that, compared with their counterparts in Amsterdam the San Francisco cannabis users were significantly more likely to use cocaine, crack, amphetamines, ecstasy, and opiates despite similar cannabis use patterns and a more permissive drug policy in the Netherlands.[22]


Rat studies
A study in 3-4 month old rats actually found reduced reinforcing potential of cocaine in those rats pretreated with THC compared with those treated with vehicle only.[23] Another rat study (28–49 days old, or 6.6–10.4 in human years) found that, while rats pretreated with THC consumed higher doses of heroin relative to controls, both groups took up self-administration of heroin at the same rate, and there was no significant difference between groups on the reinforcing effects of heroin.[24]


There are many, many, many more....... But for some strange reason i really doubt you will believe them.
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  #251  
Old 08-18-2013, 08:58 PM
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Quote:
Originally Posted by "W" View Post
USL...only college in La that has a special class for queers

So his thoughts dont count
Another intelligent post by W.

Those online classes from UH for professional meter readers are clearly paying off.
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  #252  
Old 08-18-2013, 08:59 PM
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Gateway theory.... In another form.

If you learned how to ride a bike, Then it's likely your going to become a "Hell's Angel" riding a big MOTOR BIKE.

If you learned how to fish with a cane pole from your granpa while fishing with crickets, Then statistics and studies show that you will become the CEO of a GILLNETTING company, that kills and can's all dolphins they catch for the fun of it.

If you learned how to shoot a shotgun by shooting skeet, the gateway theory proves that you will end up being a serial murder who will have at least 87 victims. All will be killed with a bb gun to the temple.
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  #253  
Old 08-18-2013, 09:00 PM
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Quote:
Originally Posted by Mako19 View Post
Another intelligent post by W.

Those online classes from UH for professional meter readers are clearly paying off.
USL fan Mad



Awwwwwww sha so cute!!!
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  #254  
Old 08-18-2013, 09:04 PM
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Quote:
Originally Posted by "W" View Post
USL...only college in La that has a special class for queers

So his thoughts dont count
Every college has a gay/lesbian support group....do I agree with it? Hell no! Do some research before you try to discount someone without the facts. Go along with the rest of the sheepople and stay ignorant.
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  #255  
Old 08-18-2013, 09:10 PM
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Quote:
Originally Posted by MissSmallAimsSmall View Post
"If there is a relationship between cannabis and other illicit drug use, we have to explain it. The two main explanations that feature in the public debate are: (1) that cannabis users are more likely to use other illicit drugs because of the pharmacological and other effects that cannabis has; and (2) that cannabis users are more likely to use other illicit drugs because the same black market supplies cannabis and other illicit drugs, so cannabis users are more likely to have access to other illicit drugs.


There is abundant evidence from surveys of adolescent drug use in the United States and elsewhere that cannabis use and the use of cocaine and heroin are associated (7). From the late 1970s to the 1990s in the United States, there was a strong relationship between regular cannabis use and the later use of heroin and cocaine. Kandel (8), for example, found that only 7% of American adolescents who had not used cannabis reported using another illicit drug. By contrast, 33% of those who reported using cannabis had used another illicit drug. Most (84%) daily cannabis users had done so and they had also used many more types of illicit drugs than their peers who had not used cannabis or who were not daily users of cannabis (8).



Almost all adolescents who have tried cocaine and heroin, had used alcohol, tobacco and cannabis in that order (10). Those who began to use alcohol and tobacco at an early age, and those became regular smokers and drinkers, were the ones who were most likely to use cannabis. In turn, it was cannabis users who began use at an early age who were the most likely to become regular cannabis users and the most likely to use hallucinogens, amphetamines and tranquillizers. The heaviest users of these drugs were, in turn, more likely to use cocaine and heroin."- The Health and Psychological effects of Cannabis Use




On an unrelated side note this study that your referencing is from the early 90's. Additionally it was a study commissioned and funded by "The National Task force on Cannabis" a group out of Australia. I cannot find any mention of if this was a governmental task force or a private one.

Either case certainly not a current, and quite possibly not an unbiased opinion at all.

In comparison the 4 counter studies I have linked could all be considered both current, and relatively unbiased.
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  #256  
Old 08-18-2013, 09:10 PM
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Quick video for people that don't want to read....

https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=H4hV3CCMdus
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  #257  
Old 08-18-2013, 09:18 PM
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After this thread
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  #258  
Old 08-18-2013, 09:49 PM
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Oh and here's some interesting data from the 2005 National Survey of Drug use and Health done here in the good old USA.

Alcohol[edit source | editbeta]

Both alcohol and tobacco tend to precede cannabis use, and it is rare for those who use hard drugs to not have used alcohol or tobacco first.[3] Data from the 2005 National Survey of Drug Use and Health (NSDUH) in the United States found that, compared with lifetime nondrinkers, adults who have consumed alcohol were statistically much more likely to currently use illicit drugs and/or abuse prescription drugs in the past year.[25] Effects were strongest for cocaine (26 times more likely), cannabis (14 times more likely), and psychedelics (13 times more likely). In addition, lifetime drinkers were also six times more likely to use or be dependent on illicit drugs than lifetime nondrinkers.[25]
As with cannabis, this correlation does not, however, necessarily mean that alcohol is a gateway drug (i.e. a causal relationship). In addition, whether one tries alcohol or cannabis first before the other does not accurately predict later substance use disorders.[21]
One study found that, in the United States, raising the drinking age to 21 in the 1980s was correlated with an increase in cannabis use among high school seniors, the opposite of what the gateway theory would predict. This suggests that the two substances are substitutes rather than complements. Interestingly, state decriminalization of cannabis did not predict an increase in cannabis use; rather, it predicted a mild decrease in both alcohol and cannabis use. Higher alcohol prices, however, appeared to reduce the use of both substances, suggesting at least partial complementarity (though not necessarily a gateway).[26]


Based on this, it seems like alcohol and not weed is the real gateway drug!

Man where is that picture of W with the beer can!!!! LOCK HIM UP I SAY!!!!! 5 years for first offense...
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  #259  
Old 08-18-2013, 10:16 PM
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Well, I've learned a few things tonight...The Feds may be watching what I post...I'm an FFL so, I'm certain the ATF knows what I'm doing all the time. I DO NOT do drugs. I HAVE done them...I had a good time with most of them to boot!

Some people are willing to kill their kids for smoking a joint, apparently! It's the equivalent of a muslim girl taking to a Christian boy or, showing her face in public.

Some people think it should be a 20 year prison sentence for possession of a joint but, think that the distraction of texting and driving is fine.

Some others think that, if the conversation isn't going their way, the comparison of pedophilia and, permiscuous thinking are the only alternative.

Likely, while drug use should be forbidden because it will make you a total moron, being a drop out must be ok.
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  #260  
Old 08-18-2013, 10:23 PM
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As I sit here, drinking a beer (because it's legal), I can't help but to think that the day the US declared a "war on drugs" was the day that we lost the fight. Bottom line...it's illegal. Can anyone tell me why the beer I am drinking RIGHT NOW is legal and, the joint my neighbor may be smoking right now isn't? Who has longer lasting effects? My head may hurt tomorrow and, even without a beer, I won't graduate from Harvard! His may hurt as well. What is the difference?

Not one time did I hear anyone mention that going to work under any sort of intoxication was a good idea. Not one time did I see mentioned that a mother-to-be should smoke weed or, do cocaine. Not one time did I see mentioned that a parent, alone with their kids, should get drunk or, stoned.

For me, what it boils down to is, going into a man's home and, telling him what to do. What is the difference between me drinking a 12 pack last night or, my neighbor smoking a joint? I guarantee you, even if he smoked a joint, he didn't burn an LSU flag just because they lost a game! Heck, he probably burned a J with the O line after the game!
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